5 types of popular medicinal plants in Indonesia

What is a medicinal plant?

As the name implies, a medicinal plant is a type of plant in which part or all of the plant’s contents, such as leaves, stems, fruit, tubers (rhizomes), and roots are used as medicine, ingredients, or medicinal ingredients.

The World Health Organization (WHO) itself defines medicinal plants as plants that are used for medicinal purposes and are original ingredients in the manufacture of herbal medicines.

What are the benefits of medicinal plants for health?

The benefits of medicinal plants can come from the roots, stems, and leaves. No doubt, one type of medicinal plant can have different properties in treating various diseases.

According to the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia, there are several parts of medicinal plants that can be used for different purposes, including:

  • Plants or parts of plants that are used as ingredients in herbal medicine or herbal medicine.
  • Plants or parts of plants that are used as the main ingredients for medicinal raw materials.
  • Plants or plant parts that are extracted and plant extracts are used as medicine.

A popular type of medicinal plant :

  1. Ginger
  2. Turmeric
  3. Galangal
  4. Curcuma
  5. Aloe vera

1. Ginger

Ginger is a popular medicinal plant because it has long been known for its health benefits.
Ginger is able to treat digestive disorders, such as stomach aches and nausea, dizziness due to vertigo, headaches, relieves menstrual pain, to relieve joint pain, such as rheumatism and osteoarthritis.

2. Turmeric

Read Also : The Benefits of Turmeric for health

The health benefits of turmeric start from its function as an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant, maintaining a healthy digestive system, lowering cholesterol, lowering blood sugar levels, reducing the risk of heart disease, to helping prevent cancer.

Turmeric should not be consumed in excess. Some of the side effects of excessive turmeric consumption can trigger excess acid buildup. In addition, too much turmeric intake can cause bleeding problems.

3. Galangal

As a popular traditional medicine, galangal also has many health benefits. Among them as an appetite enhancer and stamina enhancer, facilitating menstruation for women, and overcoming health problems, such as flu, colds, diarrhea, coughs, headaches, and stomach ulcers.

4. Curcuma

Curcuma is one type of traditional medicine that can be used to treat digestive disorders, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), flatulence after meals, and stomach disorders.

Curcuma is also often used as an appetite enhancer.
However, ginger can cause side effects if consumed in excess for a long time, which can cause irritation of the stomach to vomiting.

5. Aloe Vera

Aloe vera is another popular medicinal plant which not only has health benefits but also beauty benefits. You can get the benefits of aloe vera by applying it to your skin or consuming it.

Some of the benefits of aloe vera include healing wounds, improving digestive health, maintaining oral health, and treating acne.
Generally, the use of aloe vera on the skin is safe for types of wounds that are classified as minor.

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